Most common soccer injuries that players need to beware of – Dr.Kevin Lee

Written by Jing Yan on . Posted in Blog / News

Soccer is a popular sport played in Singapore. As with any vigorous contact sport, playing soccer can put you at risk of various injuries.

soccer injuries every player should beware of.

The following is the list of the 10 most common soccer-related injuries:

ACL injury

Your anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) runs diagonally in the middle of your knee. It is 1 of 4 major knee ligaments made of tough fibrous material. It is an important stabiliser of your knee.


  • Changing direction rapidly
  • Stopping suddenly
  • Slowing down while running
  • Landing from a jump incorrectly
  • Direct trauma such as in a soccer tackle

Symptoms: At the point of injury, you will usually feel a ‘pop’ in the knee accompanied with rapid knee swelling within the first 24 hours. You might also feel pain and discomfort while walking.

Meniscus tear

The meniscus is a rubbery, C-shaped disc that cushions your knee. Each knee has 2 menisci that act as shock absorbers. The meniscus tears when the pressure outweighs the shock that the meniscus can bear.


  • Twisting or turning quickly, especially planting your foot on the pitch while your knee is bent
  • Lifting something heavy from a squatting position, such as weightlifting during resistance training for soccer players


  • Pain, especially when you touch the affected area
  • Swelling
  • Difficulty moving your knee or having restricted movement
  • The feeling of your knee locking or catching, as if it is about to give way

Patellofemoral pain syndrome

Also known as runner’s knee, the patellofemoral pain syndrome got its nickname from the stress of running. Simply put, it is pain at the front of the knee.


  • Repetitive stress on your knee joint from regular sprinting or jumping for the ball
  • Muscle imbalance when the muscles around your hip and knee do not keep the kneecap properly aligned
  • Trauma to the kneecap such as a fracture or dislocation


  • Knee pain, especially when you squat, jump, climb the stairs or sit with your knees bent
  • Occasional knee buckling, in which the knee suddenly gives way
  • A catching, popping or grinding sensation when you walk or move your knee

Patellar tendonitis (tendinopathy)

Also known as jumper’s knee, patellar tendonitis is an overuse injury of the tendon connecting your kneecap to the shin. It occurs during activities that exert significant stress on the knees, such as jumping and landing hard.


  • Direct trauma to the front of the knee due to collision during a soccer tackle
  • Landing from a jump incorrectly
  • Repeated jumping or sprinting
  • Repeated squatting or hill running that trains endurance during soccer training


  • Localised tenderness over the patella tendon
  • Pain worsens when jumping, squatting, climbing the stairs and getting up from a seated position

Sprained ankle

Ankle sprains are among the most common injuries in soccer. Sprains range from mild to severe, depending on the damage of the ligament and the number of injured ligaments.


  • Sudden stop or change in direction while running, causing the ankle to twist unnaturally
  • Awkwardly planting your foot when running
  • Landing unstably on your ankle from a jump, tripping over when dribbling a ball or stepping onto an irregular surface


  • Pain and tenderness
  • Swelling
  • Bruising
  • Stiffness
  • Inability to put weight on the affected ankle

Iliotibial band (ITB) syndrome

ITB syndrome is one of the most common overuse injuries among sports that involve running. It occurs when the iliotibial band, a big band of fibrous tissue that runs down the outside of the thigh from the hip to the knee, is inflamed.


  • Poor running techniques, particularly inwards rolling knees and legs
  • Weak hip and core muscles
  • Weak inner quadriceps (large muscles at the front of the thigh)
  • Poor foot arch control that puts excessive weight on the ITB
  • Sudden increase in training mileage
  • Endurance running


  • Sharp or burning pain just above the outer part of the knee or hip
  • Pain that worsens with running or other repetitive activities involving the thigh
  • Swelling on the outside of the knee
  • Pain when you bend your knee

Hamstring strain

Your hamstring is a group of muscles that run along the back of your thigh. They allow you to straighten and bend your leg when running or kicking a ball. During a hamstring strain, 1 or more of these muscles either stretch beyond their capacity or tear.


  • Poor running techniques
  • Inflexible hamstrings due to insufficient or improper warm-up before a match
  • Excessive training loads, ie. pushing yourself too hard despite fatigue


  • Swelling during the first few hours of injury
  • Bruising or discolouration at the back of your leg, below the knee, in the first few days
  • Weakness in your hamstring that can persist for weeks

Achilles tendon rupture

The Achilles tendon is a large rope-like band of fibrous tissue at the back of the ankle that connects your calf muscles to the heel bone. When the calf muscles contract, the Achilles tendon tightens and pulls the heel. An Archilles tendon rupture refers to a complete tear of the tendon, which usually occurs about 2 inches above the heel bone.


  • Bursts of jumping, pivoting and sprinting
  • Overstretching the tendon, eg. when you suddenly trip or collide into another player, and you thrust your foot in front to break a fall
  • Falling from significant height, eg. after performing an overhead kick


  • Severe pain and swelling near your heel
  • Inability to bend your foot downward, tiptoe or push off the injured leg when you walk
  • A popping or snapping sound when the injury occurs

Plantar fasciitis

Plantar fasciitis (read ‘plan-ter fas-ee-eye-tus’) is the most common cause of heel pain. The plantar fascia is the flat band of tissue that connects your heel bone to your toes. It supports the arch of your foot.


  • When your feet roll inward excessively when you walk or run
  • Walking, standing or running for long periods of time, especially on hard surfaces (eg. running on concrete surfaces in street soccer)
  • High arches or flat feet
  • Improper footwear for your workouts


  • A stabbing pain near the heel at the bottom of your foot that is particularly severe when you take your first few steps after waking up
  • Pain when you climb stairs or after standing for a long time

Groin strain

A groin strain is a tear or rupture to any of the abductor muscles in the buttock and outer hip, resulting in pain in the inner thigh. Groin injury ranges from mild to severe conditions, which can be completely debilitating.


  • Sprinting or changing direction quickly
  • Resistance during rapid leg movements, such as kicking a ball
  • Overstretching the muscle, such as during a bicycle kick or jump kick


  • Groin pain and tenderness
  • Groin pain when you squeeze your thighs together
  • Muscle spasm or tightness in your groin muscles
  • Walking and running may be more comfortable than prolonged sitting or standing
  • Bruising or swelling may not occur until days after the initial injury

See an orthopaedic doctor immediately if you suffer from any of the injuries as described during a soccer match.

The article first appeared here:

Dr. Kevin Lee’s views on glucosamine as a form of supplement for osteoarthritis. – Channel NewsAsia.

Written by Jing Yan on . Posted in Blog / News

knee pain

In an interview with Channel News Asia, Dr. Kevin Lee shared his views on glucosamine as a form of supplement for osteoarthritis.

Glucosamine has “no more effect than a dummy pill” in treating knee or hip arthritis pain, according to researchers from the Netherlands.

Doctors and patients were asked to share their thoughts on the joint supplement in the interview with Channel NewsAsia.

Dr. Kevin Lee, the founding partner of Pinnacle Orthopaedic Group, whom Channel NewsAsia spoke to, said he does not prescribe glucosamine supplements and has not done so for the past six years.

He mentioned that there are a significant number of orthopaedic surgeons who also do not do so as they also have known that there is no evidence in the literature that this particular supplement works any better than a placebo.

While osteoarthritis is the most common form of arthritis, Dr. Lee cited that knee osteoarthritis is more common in the Asian population while hip osteoarthritis is more common in the Western Caucasian population.

For those who are above 60, the cause is usually, wear and tear, while in the younger group of patients who are 50 years old and below, they usually have sports-related injuries which have been left untreated leading to premature wear and tear.
They may also be obese, leading to excessive load on the joints, Dr. Lee added.

On the multi-pronged approach to the treatment of osteoarthritis, Dr. Lee said that correction of any mechanical issues such as lower limb misalignment using braces or shoe modifications injections of a natural lubricant called hyaluronic acid into the joint is also treatment options.

Read the entire interview here.

Sharing surgical expertise at the Shoulder Arthroscopy Master Course

Written by Jing Yan on . Posted in Blog / News

Dr. Andy Wee was part of the faculty at the Shoulder Arthroscopy Master Course held at the ASTC, National University Hospital of Singapore on the 25-26 August 2017.
Hosted by Smith & Nephew and National University Hospital, Singapore, the course was to provide practicing Orthopaedics Shoulder Arthroscopy surgeons with instructional and hands-on experience in the arthroscopic management of complex Shoulder pathology,
During the two-day event, Dr. Andy Wee also had the pleasure to share his surgical expertise with shoulder surgeons from the Asia Pacific Region as an invited speaker.
Shoulder Arthroscopy Master Course Details

Course Details and Faculty



Cycling for a Cause – Charity bike ride to raise funds to buy rations for the needy

Written by Jing Yan on . Posted in Blog / News

For the 4th year running, the Pinnacle Joint & Sports Centre and Dr. Kevin Lee are proud to be one of the sponsors for Ride for Rations.
Organized by Bike Aid (Singapore), Ride for Rations 2017 is a non-competitive 2-day of cycling from Malacca to Singapore.
The event aimed at raising funds to provide monthly food rations to households living in rental flats in Chai Chee, Hougang, and Marsiling and monthly breakfast rations for school going children in these estates.
This initiative and effort are in collaboration with Sunlove Abode for Intellectually Infirmed Ltd.
Besides our continuing support for this worthy cause, Dr. Lee will also be participating again as a cyclist, riding the familiar route covering 240 km from Malacca to Singapore on the 26 – 27 August 2017.
Cycling for a Cause - Ride for Rations 2014

Ride for Rations 2014

Ride for Rations 2015

Ride for Rations 2015

Ride for Rations 2016

Ride for Rations 2016

Ride for Rations 2017 Jersey

Jersey design – Ride for Rations 2017



Ride for Rations 2017



Wishing Team SG Cycling and all our Singapore athletes every success at the 29th SEA Games!

Written by Jing Yan on . Posted in Blog / News

The Pinnacle Orthopaedic Group would like to wish Team SG Cycling and all the Singapore SEA Games athletes a very successful and fruitful meet.

Watch out for the cycling Road and Track events to be held from the 20th to 28th August.

The 29th Southeast Asian Games will take place in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia from 19 to 30 August 2017 with Singapore sending its largest ever away contingent to the SEA Games with 569 athletes who will be competing in 35 sports.

SEA Games 2017 Team SG Cycling

Team SG Cycling getting together before departing for the SEA Games in Kuala Lumpur.

All Rights Reserved
Pinnacle Orthopaedic Group 2016

Mount Elizabeth Medical Centre
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Parkway East Medical Centre
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Dr Kevin Lee
6737 0558 // 9727 8528 (24hr emergency)

Dr Hee Hwan Tak
6737 0680 // 9771 8964 (24hr emergency)

Dr Andy Wee
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