The cartilage is a thin layer of smooth lining on the bone surface of the joint. It acts as a lubricant in the joint and is not able to regenerate on its own from any damage. Cartilage injuries from sports or accidents can be repaired through surgery and cartilage regeneration techniques. Early identification and treatment is crucial to a good recovery and prevention of irreversible damage.
Arthritis simply refers to the widespread damage of the cartilage. There are many types of arthritis and some of the most common are osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis and juvenile arthritis. Initial treatments of the most common osteoarthritis condition include: losing weight and maintaining adequate level of activity; joint supplements; intra-articular injections like hyaluronic acid and platelet rich plasma. Significantly more severe cases of osteoarthritis with deformity would require total knee replacement.
The full article, Joint Malady can be found on Ezyhealth.