Cartilage Damage

Cartilage is the smooth lining on the surface of the bone that plays a role in joint lubrication and shock absorption. As we get older, the water content in cartilage decreases and other changes in it makes it vulnerable to injury. It can get worn out from traumatic sports injuries or a gradual “wear and tear” from years of impact loading of the joint.

Normal Cartilage

CARTILAGE

Articular cartilage can be damaged by injury or normal wear and tear. Cartilage is a specialized structure that has no blood or nerve supply. Once damaged, it does not regenerate itself. Current cartilage repair techniques, under certain ideal circumstances, can restore cartilage to near normal. Restoring articular cartilage can relieve pain and allow better function. Most importantly, it can delay or prevent the onset of arthritis (which is the widespread destruction of cartilage)

Large Cartilage Defect In The Knee 

LARGE CARTILAGE DEFECT

Surgical techniques to repair damaged cartilage are still evolving.

It is hoped that as more is learned about cartilage and the healing response, surgeons will be better able to restore an injured joint.

Cartilage Damage

Hyaline Cartilage

The main component of the joint surface is a special tissue called hyaline cartilage. When it is damaged, the joint surface may no longer be smooth. Moving bones along a tough, damaged joint surface are difficult and cause pain. Damaged cartilage can also lead to arthritis in the joint. The goal of cartilage restoration procedures is to stimulate new hyaline cartilage growth.

Identifying Cartilage Damage

In many cases, patients who have joint injuries, such as meniscal or ligament tears, will also have cartilage damage. This damage may be hard to diagnose because hyaline cartilage does not contain calcium and cannot be seen on an X-ray. An MRI scan with cartilage sequencing will be able to localise and quantify the degree of cartilage damage. If other injuries exist with cartilage damage, doctors will address all problems during cartilage regeneration surgery.

Symptoms

The symptoms of cartilage injury can co-exist with the symptoms of associated injuries such as meniscal or ligament tears. The most common symptoms are:

  • Knee Pain
  • Stiffness and swelling
  • Catching or locking of your knee (if there is a loose cartilage piece in the knee joint)
  • Limited range of motion
  • Problems squatting or climbing stairs
FIND US AT

Mount Elizabeth Medical Centre
3 Mount Elizabeth #04-07
Singapore 228510
+65 6737 0558 (Office hours)
+65 9727 8528 (After office hours)
+65 6737 0680 (Back & Nerve, Scoliosis Office Hours)
+65 9771 8964 (Back & Nerve, Scoliosis After Office Hours)

Parkway East Medical Centre
319 Joo Chiat Place #03-05
Singapore 427989
+65 6247 7958 (Office hours)
+65 9125 8585 (After office hours)

Mount Elizabeth Novena Specialist Centre
38 Irrawaddy Road #04-26
Singapore 329563
+65 6734 0378 (Office hours)
+65 9088 3029 (After office hours)
GET IN TOUCH

DR KEVIN LEE
(Mount Elizabeth & Mount Elizabeth Novena)

Hip & Knee Replacements, Sports Injuries, Cartilage Repair
+65 6737 0558 (Office hours)
+65 9727 8528 (After office hours)

DR HEE HWAN TAK
(Mount Elizabeth)

Spine, Scoliosis, Neck & Nerve Problems
+65 6737 0680 (Office hours)
+65 9771 8964 (After office hours)

DR ANDY WEE
(Parkway East, Mount Elizabeth, Mount Elizabeth Novena)

Shoulder & Elbow, Sports Injuries, Arthroscopic Surgery Of The Hip & Knee
+65 6247 7958 (Office hours)
+65 9125 8585 (After office hours)

DR VICTOR SEAH
(Mount Elizabeth Novena & Parkway East)

Foot & Ankle, Trauma & Fractures
+65 6734 0378 (Office hours)
+65 9088 3029 (After office hours)

DR TAY GUAN TZU
(MOUNT ELIZABETH NOVENA)

PAEDIATRIC ORTHOPAEDICS, FOOT & ANKLE, MINIMALLY INVASIVE SURGERY, DEFORMITY CORRECTION WITH FRAMES
+65 6734 0378 (Office hours)
+65 8699 8811 (After office hours)
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